The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Us Post Office Near Me within the colonies, some of which are still around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, which is part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail and is considered one of the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from one plantation to a different.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin with a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents per year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt because of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights towards the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed by the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for the colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of brand new York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak in the Revolutionary War.
During his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue Usps Gov inside the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. For the first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York, and also the travel time had been shortened in half.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This is outside of the British crown and was funded by getting subscriptions. Net revenues were for use to enhance his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies get together to form a United Postal Service. He believed that this is a method to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. By doing this they can communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his idea of a postal company to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown thought that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to separate from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to determine a completely independent government. Among the first questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide the mail.
Using the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications involving the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment in the organization that became the Is Post Office Open Today nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this position, as well as much others, to fulfill George Washington’s dream of an information highway in between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we might forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail between the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the cornerstone from the postal service which includes performed magnificently for the American people.