Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over 1 million people die, many of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main locations where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You can find four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans they are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for progression of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that utilizing the same technology one day can fight many other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology can be utilized once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.